What Is Graphic Design: History And Origins

Gate design is a profession whose business is the act of planning, programming, and create visual communications, generally produced by industrial usually means and intended to convey specific messages to specific cultural groups, with a clear purpose. This is the activity that enables graphically communicate ideas, facts and values processed and produced in terms of form and communication, social, cultural, economic, tasteful and technological. Also known as visual communication design, because quite a few associate the word figure only to the printing industry, in addition to understand that visual messages are channeled through many multimedia, not just print.

Given the massive and rapid growth during the exchange of information, the demand for graphic designers is greater than previously, particularly because of the development of new technologies and the need to pay alternative activities the human factors that are beyond the competence of designers who develop them.

Some classifications are widely used studio: advertising design, editorial design, corporate identity design, website development, packaging design, Web Service Los Angeles, signage design, multimedia pattern, among others.

Graphic Design History

The definition of the graphic design profession is quite recent, in what concerns their preparation, their activities plus goals. Although there is no consensus on the exact date of your birth of graphic design, some dating during the interwar phase. Others understand that begins to identify as such to the late nineteenth century.

Arguably specific graphic communications purposes have their starting point in Paleolithic cave paintings and the birth of penned language in the third millennium BC. C. But the locations working methods and training required auxiliary sciences will be such that it is not possible to clearly identify the current web designer with prehistoric man, with xylograph fifteenth century and also the lithographer 1890.

The diversity of opinion reflects the reality that some see as a product of graphic design and all other visual demonstration only those that arise as a result of the application of a style of industrial production, those visual manifestations that have been “projected” pondering needs of different types: productive symbolic ergonomic contextual and so forth


A page from the Book of Kells: Folio 114, with decorated text contains the Tunc dicit illis. Certainly art and page layout of the Middle Ages.

The Ebook of Kells – A Bible handwritten richly specified by Irish monks in the ninth century CE-is for those a very beautiful and early example of graphic design concept. This is the graphic demonstration of great artistic value, high quality, understanding that even a model for learning to design-for even surpasses around quality to many of the current-editorial productions, and also from a sensible point of view contemporary This graphic piece responds to all wants presented the team of people who made it, however others believe that it is graphic design product, because they understand that their design is not changed to the idea of current graphic design project.

The history of typography-and by transitive, also the history of the book-is closely caused by graphic design, this may be because there are virtually no graphics designs that do never include such items graphics. Hence, when talking about historical past of graphic design, typography also cited the Trajan region, medieval miniatures, Johannes Gutenberg’s printing press, the trend of the book industry, the posters Parisian Arts Movements and Crafts (Arts and Crafts), William Morris, Bauhaus, etc .. ”

The introduction of movable type by Johannes Gutenberg made books cheaper to produce, and facilitate their dissipation. The first printed books (incunabula) scored the role style to the twentieth century. Graphic design of this era has become also known as Old Style (especially the typefaces which these early typographers used), or Humanist, due to the predominant philosophical school of the time.

After Gutenberg, no significant changes were seen until the later part of the nineteenth century, particularly in Britain, there was an effort to brew a clear division between the fine and applied arts.

During the 19th Century

First page of the book “The Aspect of Gothic” by John Ruskin, published by the Kelmscott Press. The Arts and Crafts intended to revive the may be a art, inspiration in nature and manual labor.

During the 19th century visual message design was entrusted alternately not one but two professionals: the artist or the publisher. The first was formed for an artist and the second as a craftsman, often both in the exact same schools of arts and crafts. For the printer like art was the use of ornaments and selecting fonts printed out in his compositions. The artist saw typography as a child and even paying more attention to ornamental and illustrative elements.

Between 1891 and 1896, the William Morris Kelmscott Press shared some of the most significant graphic products Arts and Crafts Activity (Arts and Crafts), and established a lucrative internet business based on the design of books of great stylistic refinement together with selling them to the upper classes as luxury items. Morris proved that a market existed for works of gate design, establishing the separation of design from production as well as fine arts. The work of the Kelmscott Press is associated with its recreation of historic styles, especially medieval.

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