Basic Interior Design Principles

While you know the basic Swiss Interior design principles you can transform any room or space to look fabulous. You know what it feels like when you walk into your well-designed room. You can sense how everything feels natural and put together. It feels just right. You can achieve that effect in your home with a little knowledge of basic design principles. Pair that experience with practice and experimentation and you’re on your way to having a beautiful home.


In design, balance creates a a feeling of equilibrium. It is all about equalizing or approximating the vision weight of objects. Balance is created not just through contour, but through color, pattern, and texture as well.

One can find three different kinds of balance:

Symmetrical or formal: Traditional or perhaps formal spaces call for symmetrical balance where the space can be evenly split into two sides that mirror each other. For instance , two chairs on either side of a coffee stand can be said to be symmetrically balanced. This kind of balance is easy to get as design elements are repeated on each side. If you are not careful, this kind of balance can become monotonous and boring.
Irregular in shape or Informal: The visual weights of lines, colorations, forms, and textures are balanced without exact imitation. It is not as ordered as symmetrical balance and can be more intricate and interesting. For instance, a sofa can be balanced by positioning two chairs on the other side.
Radial balance is achieved there is a central focal point with other elements radiating from it or just around it. An example would be a round dining table, with chairs contracted around it. There is a lot of repetition of form, surface, and color.


As in music, rhythm in pattern is all about creating patterns of repetition and contrast to set-up visual interest. You can achieve this by using the same color or maybe shape at different intervals. Its purpose is to move your individual eye around the room. For instance, you can establish a rhythm employing a color in the pillows, picking it up in a painting, together with echoing it again in a rug. These repetitions helps carry your eye around the room.


Harmony is produced when all the elements act together to create a unified principles. Just as rhythm can create excitement, harmony creates a sense with restfulness. For instance, you can create harmony by using just one coloration, even though your forms vary greatly in shape, size, and texture.


A room where everything gets equal great importance will seem either scattered or boring. You need a boat anchor. Architectural spaces often have points of interest such as a fireplace or a home window with a beautiful view. You can choose to enhance the built-in center of attention by arranging furniture around it to emphasize it. Within the room that lacks such a built-in point of interest, you possibly can create one through groupings of furniture or might be unusual or large piece.

Proportion and Scale

Percent is the ratio between the size of one part to another, as well as scale is how the size of one object relates to one other or to the space in which it is placed. For instance, a large overstuffed sectional in a small room will be out of scale.

Some relative relationships are more pleasing than others. The ancient Greeks came up with the Golden Section, which sought to reduce most of proportion to a simple formula: The ratio of the lesser section to the larger section should be the same as that of the more expensive section to the whole. This proportion is present in aspect, and artists and architects have used it as well.

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